Japan Ambassador Shocked Over State Of Zimbabwe Hospitals ...
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[Note: Names have been changed] Back in the early 10's there was a teacher at my school we'll call Billy Treetops. What Billy's lesson planning lacked in language focus, coherence and relevance to learners he made up for with comprehensiveness - he had a lesson planned on the company file system for almost every page of every book. As his collection grew, so did his fame, as teachers discovered that they could rock up five minutes before class, print out a Billy Treetops lesson and be mostly set, as long as there was a low chance of a manager observation. They were low-prep as well, which made them great if you'd slept through your alarm or stayed up all night smoking meth. After Billy left, some desperately hungover teachers, unable to see through their sleepless eyeballs to review the material they were using for class, began discovering "Billy Treetops Emergency Lesson," added to Billy's folder anonymously about a month after he took off for greener pastures. It usually took them ten minutes to figure out what was wrong (or what it right?) I present it below, unedited except for changing names to avoid doxxing Billy. Enjoy, and hope you find it useful. A note from Billy: Hi, welcome to my emergency lesson. Feel free to use this lesson for any J4-J6 level—that’s what I use it for anyway. So the topic of this lesson is me, Billy Treetops, the man himself (hehe). You can obviously use the layout and tailor the lesson so it ends up being about you, but I have no problem if you want to teach your students about my life. Furthermore, if you’re covering a class and you’re too lazy to change things around then you also have my permission to lie to the class and say that you are Billy Treetops. By the time they figure it out you’ll probably be long gone. I mean I would do it too, but I already planned this lesson. In fact, I plan all my lessons, but hey that’s just me, and here is an emergency lesson for you. I make all my lessons with the kids in mind first but that doesn’t mean that if you use them then I’ll feel that you are enjoying the fruits of my labor, so to speak. No, no way, it’s not like that. I enjoy making these lessons, for the kids of course, but you can use them. -BTT 1. Warmer--Esophagus- A revamped version of “20 Questions”. Divide class into 9 teams. Pair teams together making 4 teams. Leave 1 team unpaired. Now you have 5 teams. Employ universal sign for choking—two hands gripping throat, eyes bulging, sudden jerking, etc. Student must guess what you’re choking on by asking Y or N questions. Students will understand because a choking man can only answer yes or no. Make students guess quickly by acting as if you will die if they don’t ask a question. Keep the scoring going throughout. Answers: 1. marble 2. napkins 3. sand 4. belt buckle 5. can opener 6. small diary 7. worm 8. aluminum can 9. phone charger 10. butter? 2. Prediction task/interest generating- Cut up the letters B, I, L, L, and Y. Make the font nearly microscopic. Divide students into pairs alphabetically somehow. Give students magnifying glasses, some real and some with glass that magnifies nothing whatsoever. Make teams do dizzy bat (spin around a bat in circles until dizzy) and then run into hallway to find the tiny words. Teams with real magnifying glasses must help the others to see. Everyone dizzy, everyone confused. Once class has pieced together words to spell “BILLY” announce that they have revealed the topic of the lesson. Place right hand to stomach area. Take bow with left hand gesturing to class and beyond. 3. Treetops Predictions—Bang Bang w/ country flavor- Give students blank timeline of Billy Treetops’s life. Put picture of Billy Treetops on farm in overalls with the straw in his mouth. Class laughs, rapport building, etc. Divide teams into pairs and assign them each a country. Ex: Japan, Zimbabwe, Luxembourg, Chad, etc. Have students fill in gaps between “Billy Treetops was born” and “Billy Treetops became teacher at [three letter school].” When students are finished stand in middle of class wearing a sombrero and take imaginary pistols from holsters. Wave around and fire warning shots signaling it’s game time. Draw pistol and fire at one team (Ex: Luxembourg). Team goes silent as if shot and the two teams on either side of Luxembourg (Ex: Japan and Chad) must guess one of the events in Billy Treetops’s life (Ex: was dumped by girlfriend at 18) and then say Bang before the other team. If they are first they get 1 point. If the event they guessed actually happened (Ex: was dumped by girlfriend at 18) then tip your cap to the TA and she will score the second point. Continue until all countries are out and the last team gets points galore. 4. Treetops Check- Show timeline made from softschools.com and have students check to see if predictions match events. TA scores rapidly and heavily in private scoring book. When they finish give them questions about Billy Treetops’s life. Use timeline to answer. 5. Feedback- Buffalo Blizzard- During Treetops Check have TA get a box fan. Put box fan on desk and divide class into two teams. Assign numbers to students. Call a number and immediately throw handful of slips of paper into box fan, shooting them into the air like a blizzard. Only two slips actually have questions. Students search and wrestle for the questions. Throw more blank slips into fan for effect, students ooh and ahh. Once a student finds a question student must run to the back of the room and bob for an apple. Class going wild at this point. Once they have an apple they must hop to the board in an old potato sack and write the answer with their opposite hand (lefty for most). TA scores for each question in open scoring format. Answers: 1. a barnyard 2. Georgio 3. physical Education 4. never 5. fell off the roof 6. happy-go-lucky kind of guy 7. didn’t have his license 8. 306 9. collapsed lung 10. bad cholesterol 6. Drilling- Backchaining- Drill ‘Treetops’ and then drill “Billy.” Drill “Treetops Billy” and then finally “Billy Treetops..” TA may want to do some scoring, but make sure there is no scoring whatsoever. 7. Repeat and Raise the Roof if Correct- Students repeat whilst raising the roof only if Teacher says “Billy Treetops.” TA will be in charge of scoring. 1 point for repeating, 2 points for repeating whilst raising the roof, -1 point for repeating when incorrect. Answers: 1. Billy Treetops 2. Hilly caltrops 3. COD Blops 4. Billy Treetops 5. Shilling seesaws 6. Billy Treetops 7. Killing Betty Boop 8. Billy Treetops 9. Billy Treetops 10. Willy Peepaw 8. Eulogy Writing- Leave the room suddenly and unexpectedly. Have the TA play the Billy Treetops Message from the Dead on the IWB. Tapescript: Hi class, my dear class, it’s me Billy. If you’re watching this video then it’s quite possible that I am dead. In fact, I might as well tell you right now—I am dead guys. Because you are my favorite class I want you to tell people about all of the great things I did in my life. This is called a eulogy. You are going to write a eulogy for Billy Treetops today because I have probably just died in a freak accident in the hallway as I always imagined I would. The best eulogy will win a ton of points because even after death the scoring must continue. Oh yeah, one last thing, one last time. Repeat after me whilst raising the roof. EULOGY –(class repeats whilst raising roof)—EULOGY—(class repeats whilst raising roof)—EULOGY—(class repeats whilst raising roof). Alright class, it’s been fun, it’s been wonderful. I have no regrets and neither should you. Remember the perfect lessons, remember the complicated yet rewarding games, and please don’t forget about the time we were playing Three Little Parnsips and Phuong pulled the fake banana from the sack of rice and actually tried to peel it! How great was that? Anyway, I will leave you with this. Always have a plan in life. Plan your future, plan for your kids, and if you’re like me then plan for your own accidental death in the hallway if you feel it in your gut that fate has laid things out that way. Good luck with my eulogy and I wish you all the best. Students have 15 minutes to write Eulogy in groups of 3 or 4. TA plays Sittin’ on the Dock of the bay by Redding, Otis. 9. Eulogies- Find a trustworthy TA from another class to help for a minute. Get the stretcher from nurse’s office and have the nurse and random TA knock on the door and wheel teacher’s presumably dead body into the room, covered by a sheet. TA and nurse leave casting grim looks upon cheerless class. Students deliver eulogies while choking back tears. Teacher makes mental notes, prepares for feedback and scoring. When eulogies are finished, heartbroken nurse and wandering TA reappear to take the body. On the way out, nurse jams foot in wheel ‘by accident’ and down goes the body. Sheet falls off and teacher rises up and does celebratory laps around classroom whilst distributing Jolly Ranchers. Teacher plays Sympathy for the Devil by Rolling Stones, The. Class reacts with limitless applause in lieu of sudden revival of joy and happiness after climbing from depths of misery. 10. Scoring- TA tallies the final scores while Teacher tells phony tales of the afterlife. Prizes go as followed: 1st place- Trophy 2nd place- Motorbike helmet 3rd place- Motorbike helmet To make sure nobody leaves empty-handed and teacher receives good feedback on CSS give the remaining students bags of fish sauce. Extra/FilleFlex/Stretch/Bonus Activities Get the TA Time Length: 5-45 minutes. Level: All One of the great, fun, irrelevant warmers for an energetic morning class or a sluggish TA. The first order of business is to rent out the gym because the TA will need some room to roam. Next, why not demo it? Have the TA get a 5 second head start and then off you go. The title of this one explains the rest. Two hand touch or full tackle is up to the teacher’s discretion, but it is advised to take the TA’s build into consideration because we all know the dangers of kinesthetic learning—a bruise here, nick there, twisted ankles, c’est la vie teachers. Relax, keep some bandages and a few icepacks on hand, maybe some jetpacks too because this one is a blast! Burn Baby Burn (Regrets) Time Length: 30 minutes Level- Pre-Int to Advanced A smooth choice for a class in need of some reflecting. This activity works best if the previous lesson ends with a production task where students must work together to create a realistic, three dimensional fire out of construction paper with stationary flames because, come on, this is not arts and crafts. Begin the class with said fire in site, but don’t let it steal the show because you should be the center of attention. Rather, keep them wondering. Wondering, did he possibly add his own touches to our previous creation yet these additions remain unseen to me at present? Maybe he intends to burn the fire replica with real fire? Would that be a form of punishment or reward? You may be questioning your students’ ability to create such advanced inner dialogue in English. A bit farfetched I know, but these are just examples. I mean some beginners may look at the fire and think, fire. They’re just not there yet and that’s okay. They’ve got a long way to go but they will keep chugging along like little freight trains. So yes, get your fire situated and write 5 regrets of yours on the board making sure to title the sentences REGRETS. Make sure to include a light regret such as “I regret having those spicy meatballs for lunch” and something heavier like “I regret not having socked Brock Jasinski in the chin at the school dance in 8th grade for that incident, which I’d prefer not explain in detail, has given me emotional insecurity for, well, a long time now.” You may get some laughs, especially from the former regret, and that will help with your class rapport. Divide the class into groups of 3 or 4 and have them rank the regrets from most serious to not too serious. Have the students share their thoughts and then tell them the truth about how each regret changed your life, shaped who you are, and somehow was responsible for how you ended up as their teacher. Drill the word regret and then have them write 3 regrets of their own. Once they’ve all finished, have them approach the fire, one by one, and read their regrets. At the end, they can crumple their paper into a ball and triumphantly throw it into the fire. It is important to note that the fire should be shaped like a teepee with some kind of hole emerging up top. This way the papers/regrets can appear to perish in the fire rather than bouncing off of the fire, which is kind of lame and totally not symbolic. The students can go for a round of high fives after they’ve discarded their regrets or they can return to their seats as the class shows their utmost support in the form of thunderous applause. Once the smoke clears (haha), and the hooting and hollering has subsided, and the class collectively feels that the weight of the past has been lifted from their aching shoulders they can go home to their families, their futures, and their dreams. Final thoughts from Billy: I thought you should know that I have never used this lesson because emergencies never happen to me as I am always ready for them—so therefore they’re no longer emergencies when they happen. Get it? But if somehow I forget to plan my lesson then I’ll be ready, as I always am, with this. Oh yeah, one more thing. I know I spend a lot of time with my lessons and I may seem preoccupied around the TSC, but hey, feel free to say hello. I really don’t mind. Why not match a face to a folder, right? I know lots of names but sometimes I really have no clue who some of you are. Like, for example, who the heck is Merthin Wompwomp? Has anyone ever seen this guy at work? I mean does he do his planning in a cave by freaking candlelight or what? Lol smh. In reality, he’s probably stealing all of my lessons and maybe even yours too. Watch out for that guy, definitely not trustworthy. What does it matter anyway? By the time you stumble upon this lesson I may have left already—on the fast boat to Japan, ready to make cake for my efforts. Meanwhile Martin Thomas, that thieving spelunketeacher, has accidentally blown out his candle and stepped on his glasses and that’s really too bad, but in a good world, no, it’s just about right.
Question for r/Economics about Quantitative Easing
So I have seen and read about times where Quantitative Easing have failed (Japan, Zimbabwe, Argentina), but my question is, is there a country or specific incident where it has effectively worked? I'd prefer a past example, not one that is currently on going, so that I may see the full effect, and see the QE run to conclusion.
I am a 25 year old guy that has traveled to 26 countries on 4 continents, AMA.
For a list of countries I have been to; United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Germany, Czech Republic, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Italy, San Marino, Monaco, Vatican City, Luxembourg, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, United Arab Emirates, Mexico, United States of America. AMA for totally honest answers.
I've been told I'm a decent writer, I really just want some outside opinion. Here's something I just wrote frantically for fun.
A knot right at your center, being wrung dry. And I hate those stupid vampire books and movies. What other word would you use to describe something that completely drains you though? I'm not talking about being drained of bodily fluids, no... I'm talking about being drained of your will... will to even get out of bed. The energy to go on. It's squeezed harder Forced Ablation & Liquification of your Anxiety, happening simultaneously. You feel the pressure forcing the anxiety to your feet first, the unwelcoming tingling sensation like pins and needles. Your hands are next, but its slightly different; it's like they're being drained. Not your head though, don't let the fear get to your head- its irrational, isnt it? That, and once you fall into the tar pit of irrationality you'll lose it- you won't even be able to trust your own mind. Let alone attempt to put up a struggle against someone else's. You Have to Fight it. Keep Fighting it. ... It. It's too late though, you know you can never win. You've never won in the past. This time it's one of the bad ones too, you're not asleep. Not really anyway. You can't tell if you're eyes are open or not. It's pitch black, yes, but also because you've lost all bodily awareness again. At least the pins and needles are gone. He's taking forever this time. Feeling something, even the anxiety you were increasingly anxious about 10 minutes ago, seems welcoming. You finally feel the pressure. Its stronger than usual this time, and right on your chest. The bed creaks, and slowly sinks down. You can feel his eyes, like he's just sitting on there on your chest, mocking you with his stare. Mare. A Mare is what you could probably call this thing. They say mares are women of the damned... Well I'm going to call bullshit. Cause there was definitely something about this ass when he toyed with me that screamed testosterone. Mare is a Scandinavian name for the... or a... 'sleep paralysis demon', a forsaken woman that would sit on your ribcage as you fell asleep, giving you nightmares. Nightmares... Maybe it's something about our irrational fear of witches and mind games that made it manifest to them with feminine characteristics. I started to welcome the nightmares. Yeah it was scary as hell at first. Throwing anything at you to make you scared, any situation outside of our 'reality'. C'thulu, giant mechanical flying dragons, robots, Zerg like aliens, plane crashes... Shit, I think he.. or they.. even used Cell and Frieza once... At least when you have complete suspension of reality you can manifest will from your schizophrenic surroundings. Plus fighting back got fun, flying around shooting lasers out of my eyes and hands. For flare I even through in a spirit bomb when they tried to use Frieza. Maybe that's why they stopped using nightmares as much as they used to, I suppose it could get tiring fighting a war of attrition in someone else's head. He's taking too long, something is different. Like he really wants to enjoy this. The anxiety that was floating around you is starting to enter you again, you can feel his will attach to your own through the anxiety. Coalescing, the anxiety feels like tentacles as they are sucked back into the center of that knot you call your chest. You remember anxiety again, all too fast. The pressure is the greatest its ever been, and he's just letting it build. Anxious feeling compounding on anxious feeling, your chest feels like it's going to burst at the seams. Literally... Your chest feels like its oozing out at the seams. Your eyes were open, because you can see what looks like green light, or luminescent smoke seeping out from.... you. He inhales as his lips hold his teeth back from a smile. Laughter unleashes his teeth as he makes a hand gesture. The last thing you remember was pink or magenta light making its way around the tendrils of green, seemingly luminescent smoke. A flash of light. Sure, I'm crazy. But I know I'm not that crazy. Other people had experienced this too, experienced the 'sleep paralysis demon'. How could tales of something from so many places through so many times be so similar? Turkey, Nigeria, China, Japan, Zimbabwe, Latvia.... Even god damn Fiji has folklore based on this thing, the list goes on believe me. It's all in my head they say. Sure yeah, it IS all in my head, but I can guarantee you that my brain is not the source. Sometimes when I'm just about to fall asleep, I can hear his voice. Or sometimes, I can hear others voices; the things they were saying in their head when he was harvesting their fears. Go ahead, diagnose me with the schiz; but those voices in my head have personalities, and sometimes, if I fight sleep hard enough, flashes of their memories blast through my head. It definitely took practice to pay close enough attention to observe the colors and sounds, but once you slow them down you realize they're not your own. I'm still not sure I remember the day or two after that night. It was like I was moving around without consciousness, slowly coming to, slowly remembering everything that happened that night. Which was nice actually, because I went to bed with so much less fear not remembering. I'm not going to deny that the fear was in fact useful the night I did finally remember though. I had fought in my dreams before, I had to be prepared, I needed to know how to fight back in my own reality. I was so desperate with anxiety that night I even looked to some 'spiritual' forums online for help. Love they said. Just send the demon love and it won't be able to stand it. It will leave eventually. Call on your guides to help you, call on them to help you love it... Let me tell you. Me and him were so close by then, that I guarantee you, If I were to try to send him love..... when I would finally feel the pressure on my chest and look to see what it was, I would see a zombie, or some other horrifically disgusting creature sucking my cock. I wanted him to be afraid so bad, afraid that his soul was going to be sucked dry like mine had been. It was his turn. I wasn't going down fighting this time, this fight was mine. I had tried the Moldavite so many other times. In fact I had tried an infinitesimal amount of cleansing rituals and crystals, but tonight it seemed to be calling my name, hanging from my lamp, saturated with light. I had been pushed past the line. Going to bed not knowing if I was going to wake up every night for a year had made me numb to the idea of death. Sometimes death seemed like an easy out, but I knew that was what he wanted me to think, and I was too stubborn to let him win. He had picked the wrong person to fuck with. Maybe I wanted to play the hero too badly, maybe my will drew him to me in the first place. Whatever the case was it was probably a mistake to push me so hard. At the time I had nothing to lose: no girlfriend, college was blah, and video games were fun, and an easy distraction from everything, but not something I would be worried of losing. I guess my biggest fear was just dying randomly. Him on my chest watching me fade. It being ruled something completely random- like a seizure or a heart attack. The anxiety I felt as I was finally waiting for him that night was more of excitement than fear. I honestly don't remember much after I felt him take his seat on my stomach. All I can remember was locking eyes with him. His dark purple red irises reflecting mine blue, and the few seconds following. I still don't know why, but I started screaming from inside. So absolutely loud that nothing else existed but his eyes, mine, and my disdain for him. Then, all of sudden, like an explosion of thought, every other person he had tortured throughout history, all of their voices rang through my head at once. Thank you's, I love you's, crying, laughter, little kids voices talking about the monster in their closet, all erupting from my eyes into his... I finally saw it, as un-satisfying as it was to see. The look of absolute horror in someone's eyes as you suck them dry. The last thing I could remember, as the curtains closed on my consciousness, was a change in weight. The small Moldavite crystal resting in my right palm.
I am a 25 year old guy that has traveled to 26 countries on 4 continents, AMA.
For a list of countries I have been to; United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Germany, Czech Republic, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Italy, San Marino, Monaco, Vatican City, Luxembourg, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, United Arab Emirates, Mexico, United States of America. AMA for totally honest answers.
[Offer] Seasonal cards from Ireland! [Ireland to WW]
Hi! So I thought it was a good time to get my list started to send out seasonal cards to celebrate the end of a yucky year! So fill in my form here to get a card from Ireland: https://forms.gle/6rTuwZdtw7HxEt5SA They'll be a mix of handmade and store bought. There's an option if you have a preference but I can't guarantee it. Please also let me know if you observe a celebration not listed (I will keep your address safe for Eid/Diwali/other celebrations that are a bit further away) I'll be sending them out in batches, starting very soon with those that have the longest journey from Ireland :) Note:Right now these are the countries I can currently post to. This is changing all the time, so if you're from a country not on this list, I'll send it as soon as I am able! Albania, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Channel Islands, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Hong Kong, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, New Zealand, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Turkey, UAE, Ukraine, United Kingdom, USA, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Edit: Sorry! I got 75 responses and that's probably more than enough for me to deal with. I will try and get through these before I think if I can send more! Thanks everyone :)
Now I was wondering about various cricket teams that I have watched while growing up. Smaller teams like Kenya, Zimbabwe (not really small during its peak) and Namibia to name a few, showed great promise in the coming future but didn't happen. We have seen teams like Hong Kong, Nepal recently but that's it. Apart from Afghanistan and Bangladesh, I haven't seen any team really pose a challenge to strong traditional teams like Australia, England, India etc. If ICC really wants to grow this sport, it's not really helping. What happened to teams like Ireland or Netherlands? They are hardly there. I did see a couple of videos about teams in the US and Japan trying hard to sustain. Is ICC even serious or would cricket end up being a sport dominated by few? Why can't we have Tier 2 leagues for IPL, BBL etc. Let's give a chance to players from not so well known countries trying to establish themselves. Cricket is virtually dead in Zimbabwe and is a big mess in South Africa. Unless ICC genuinely cares about expanding this game, it's never going to be a world sport in a true sense.
Republic of Ireland UK France The Netherlands Belgium USA Canada Thailand Laos Cambodia China Bangladesh India Nepal South Korea Vietnam Malaysia Singapore Japan The Philippines Brunei Indonesia East Timor Australia Sri Lanka Zimbabwe Zambia Botswana South Africa Swaziland Mozambique lemoonon
I hope the phobos ratters home countries don't have a good extradition with USA
Hi phobos devs, I am a IRL lawyer who plays 2b2t. I hope the your home countries don't have a good extradition with USA or if they do, you can make decent prison toilet wine to trade for cigarettes. EZ. Using a rat then using it to gather dox, personal information, and banking passwords (yes, we know you gathered chrome keychains) faces some very serious penalties in the USA and with countries with a ratified extradition treaty. I've laid it all out for you here. I would like you to think twice about releasing their dox on the 31st as planned. Uncle Sam will EZ you. From 18 U.S. Code § 1030.Fraud and related activity in connection with computers:
What the law says about accessing peoples computers using a RAT
For the rat:
(4) knowingly and with intent to defraud, accesses a protected computer without authorization, or exceeds authorized access, and by means of such conduct furthers the intended fraud and obtains anything of value, unless the object of the fraud and the thing obtained consists only of the use of the computer and the value of such use is not more than $5,000 in any 1-year period; (5) (A) knowingly causes the transmission of a program, information, code, or command, and as a result of such conduct, intentionally causes damage without authorization, to a protected computer; (B) intentionally accesses a protected computer without authorization, and as a result of such conduct, recklessly causes damage; or (C) intentionally accesses a protected computer without authorization, and as a result of such conduct, causes damage and loss.
(c) The punishment for an offense under subsection (a) or (b) of this section is— (1) (A) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both, in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(1) of this section which does not occur after a conviction for another offense under this section, or an attempt to commit an offense punishable under this subparagraph; and (B) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both, in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(1) of this section which occurs after a conviction for another offense under this section, or an attempt to commit an offense punishable under this subparagraph;
What the law says about using said rat and extorting people for their dox this 31st of October
As relates to doxing:
(7) with intent to extort from any person any money or other thing of value, transmits in interstate or foreign commerce any communication containing any— (A) threat to cause damage to a protected computer; (B) threat to obtain information from a protected computer without authorization or in excess of authorization or to impair the confidentiality of information obtained from a protected computer without authorization or by exceeding authorized access; or (C) demand or request for money or other thing of value in relation to damage to a protected computer, where such damage was caused to facilitate the extortion;
The penalty for hacking peoples computers and extorting them for dox is:
(C) a fine under this title or imprisonment for not more than ten years, or both, in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(2), (a)(3) or (a)(6) of this section which occurs after a conviction for another offense under this section, or an attempt to commit an offense punishable under this subparagraph;
Countries with a US extradition treaty
They will bring you from these countries in handcuffs to face court!
The dollar standard and how the Fed itself created the perfect setup for a stock market crash
Disclaimer: This is neither financial nor trading advice and everyone should trade based on their own risk tolerance. Please leverage yourself accordingly. When you're done, ask yourself: "Am I jacked to the tits?". If the answer is "yes", you're good to go. We're probably experiencing the wildest markets in our lifetime. After doing some research and listening to opinions by several people, I wanted to share my own view on what happened in the market and what could happen in the future. There's no guarantee that the future plays out as I describe it or otherwise I'd become very rich. If you just want tickers and strikes...I don't know if this is going to help you. But anyways, scroll way down to the end. My current position is TLT 171c 8/21, opened on Friday 7/31 when TLT was at 170.50. This is a post trying to describe what it means that we've entered the "dollar standard" decades ago after leaving the gold standard. Furthermore I'll try to explain how the "dollar standard" is the biggest reason behind the 2008 and 2020 financial crisis, stock market crashes and how the Coronavirus pandemic was probably the best catalyst for the global dollar system to blow up.
Tackling the Dollar problem
Throughout the month of July we've seen the "death of the Dollar". At least that's what WSB thinks. It's easy to think that especially since it gets reiterated in most media outlets. I will take the contrarian view. This is a short-term "downturn" in the Dollar and very soon the Dollar will rise a lot against the Euro - supported by the Federal Reserve itself.US dollar Index (DXY)If you zoom out to the 3Y chart you'll see what everyone is being hysterical about. The dollar is dying! It was that low in 2018! This is the end! The Fed has done too much money printing! Zimbabwe and Weimar are coming to the US. There is more to it though. The DXY is dominated by two currency rates and the most important one by far is EURUSD.EURUSD makes up 57.6% of the DXY And we've seen EURUSD rise from 1.14 to 1.18 since July 21st, 2020. Why that date? On that date the European Commission (basically the "government" of the EU) announced that there was an agreement for the historical rescue package for the EU. That showed the markets that the EU seems to be strong and resilient, it seemed to be united (we're not really united, trust me as an European) and therefore there are more chances in the EU, the Euro and more chances taking risks in the EU.Meanwhile the US continued to struggle with the Coronavirus and some states like California went back to restricting public life. The US economy looked weaker and therefore the Euro rose a lot against the USD. From a technical point of view the DXY failed to break the 97.5 resistance in June three times - DXY bulls became exhausted and sellers gained control resulting in a pretty big selloff in the DXY.
Why the DXY is pretty useless
Considering that EURUSD is the dominant force in the DXY I have to say it's pretty useless as a measurement of the US dollar. Why? Well, the economy is a global economy. Global trade is not dominated by trade between the EU and the USA. There are a lot of big exporting nations besides Germany, many of them in Asia. We know about China, Japan, South Korea etc. Depending on the business sector there are a lot of big exporters in so-called "emerging markets". For example, Brazil and India are two of the biggest exporters of beef. Now, what does that mean? It means that we need to look at the US dollar from a broader perspective. Thankfully, the Fed itself provides a more accurate Dollar index. It's called the "Trade Weighted U.S. Dollar Index: Broad, Goods and Services". When you look at that index you will see that it didn't really collapse like the DXY. In fact, it still is as high as it was on March 10, 2020! You know, only two weeks before the stock market bottomed out. How can that be explained?
Global trade, emerging markets and global dollar shortage
Emerging markets are found in countries which have been shifting away from their traditional way of living towards being an industrial nation. Of course, Americans and most of the Europeans don't know how life was 300 years ago.China already completed that transition. Countries like Brazil and India are on its way. The MSCI Emerging Market Index lists 26 countries. Even South Korea is included. However there is a big problem for Emerging Markets: the Coronavirus and US Imports.The good thing about import and export data is that you can't fake it. Those numbers speak the truth. You can see that imports into the US haven't recovered to pre-Corona levels yet. It will be interesting to see the July data coming out on August 5th.Also you can look at exports from Emerging Market economies. Let's take South Korean exports YoY. You can see that South Korean exports are still heavily depressed compared to a year ago. Global trade hasn't really recovered.For July the data still has to be updated that's why you see a "0.0%" change right now.Less US imports mean less US dollars going into foreign countries including Emerging Markets.Those currency pairs are pretty unimpressed by the rising Euro. Let's look at a few examples. Use the 1Y chart to see what I mean. Indian Rupee to USDBrazilian Real to USDSouth Korean Won to USD What do you see if you look at the 1Y chart of those currency pairs? There's no recovery to pre-COVID levels. And this is pretty bad for the global financial system. Why? According to the Bank of International Settlements there is $12.6 trillion of dollar-denominated debt outside of the United States. Now the Coronavirus comes into play where economies around the world are struggling to go back to their previous levels while the currencies of Emerging Markets continue to be WEAK against the US dollar. This is very bad. We've already seen the IMF receiving requests for emergency loans from 80 countries on March 23th. What are we going to see? We know Argentina has defaulted on their debt more than once and make jokes about it. But what happens if we see 5 Argentinas? 10? 20? Even 80? Add to that that global travel is still depressed, especially for US citizens going anywhere. US citizens traveling to other countries is also a situation in which the precious US dollars would enter Emerging Market economies. But it's not happening right now and it won't happen unless we actually get a miracle treatment or the virus simply disappears. This is where the treasury market comes into play. But before that, let's quickly look at what QE (rising Fed balance sheet) does to the USD. Take a look at the Trade-Weighted US dollar Index. Look at it at max timeframe - you'll see what happened in 2008. The dollar went up (shocker).Now let's look at the Fed balance sheet at max timeframe. You will see: as soon as the Fed starts the QE engine, the USD goes UP, not down! September 2008 (Fed first buys MBS), March 2009, March 2020. Is it just a coincidence? No, as I'll explain below. They're correlated and probably even in causation.Oh and in all of those scenarios the stock market crashed...compared to February 2020, the Fed balance sheet grew by ONE TRILLION until March 25th, but the stock market had just finished crashing...can you please prove to me that QE makes stock prices go up? I think I've just proven the opposite correlation.
Bonds, bills, Gold and "inflation"
People laugh at bond bulls or at people buying bonds due to the dropping yields. "Haha you're stupid you're buying an asset which matures in 10 years and yields 5.3% STONKS go up way more!".Let me stop you right there. Why do you buy stocks? Will you hold those stocks until you die so that you regain your initial investment through dividends? No. You buy them because you expect them to go up based on fundamental analysis, news like earnings or other things. Then you sell them when you see your price target reached. The assets appreciated.Why do you buy options? You don't want to hold them until expiration unless they're -90% (what happens most of the time in WSB). You wait until the underlying asset does what you expect it does and then you sell the options to collect the premium. Again, the assets appreciated. It's the exact same thing with treasury securities. The people who've been buying bonds for the past years or even decades didn't want to wait until they mature. Those people want to sell the bonds as they appreciate. Bond prices have an inverse relationship with their yields which is logical when you think about it. Someone who desperately wants and needs the bonds for various reasons will accept to pay a higher price (supply and demand, ya know) and therefore accept a lower yield. By the way, both JP Morgan and Goldmans Sachs posted an unexpected profit this quarter, why? They made a killing trading bonds. US treasury securities are the most liquid asset in the world and they're also the safest asset you can hold. After all, if the US default on their debt you know that the world is doomed. So if US treasuries become worthless anything else has already become worthless. Now why is there so much demand for the safest and most liquid asset in the world? That demand isn't new but it's caused by the situation the global economy is in. Trade and travel are down and probably won't recover anytime soon, emerging markets are struggling both with the virus and their dollar-denominated debt and central banks around the world struggle to find solutions for the problems in the financial markets. How do we now that the markets aren't trusting central banks? Well, bonds tell us that and actually Gold tells us the same! TLT chartGold spot price chart TLT is an ETF which reflects the price of US treasuries with 20 or more years left until maturity. Basically the inverse of the 30 year treasury yield. As you can see from the 5Y chart bonds haven't been doing much from 2016 to mid-2019. Then the repo crisis of September 2019took place and TLT actually rallied in August 2019 before the repo crisis finally occurred!So the bond market signaled that something is wrong in the financial markets and that "something" manifested itself in the repo crisis. After the repo market crisis ended (the Fed didn't really do much to help it, before you ask), bonds again were quiet for three months and started rallying in January (!) while most of the world was sitting on their asses and downplaying the Coronavirus threat. But wait, how does Gold come into play? The Gold chart basically follows the same pattern as the TLT chart. Doing basically nothing from 2016 to mid-2019. From June until August Gold rose a staggering 200 dollars and then again stayed flat until December 2019. After that, Gold had another rally until March when it finally collapsed. Many people think rising Gold prices are a sign of inflation. But where is the inflation? We saw PCE price indices on Friday July 31st and they're at roughly 1%. We've seen CPIs from European countries and the EU itself. France and the EU (July 31st) as a whole had a very slight uptick in CPI while Germany (July 30th), Italy (July 31st) and Spain (July 30th) saw deflationary prints.There is no inflation, nowhere in the world. I'm sorry to burst that bubble. Yet, Gold prices still go up even when the Dollar rallies through the DXY (sadly I have to measure it that way now since the trade-weighted index isn't updated daily) and we know that there is no inflation from a monetary perspective. In fact, Fed chairman JPow, apparently the final boss for all bears, said on Wednesday July 29th that the Coronavirus pandemic is a deflationarydisinflationary event. Someone correct me there, thank you. But deflationary forces are still in place even if JPow wouldn't admit it. To conclude this rather long section: Both bonds and Gold are indicators for an upcoming financial crisis. Bond prices should fall and yields should go up to signal an economic recovery. But the opposite is happening. in that regard heavily rising Gold prices are a very bad signal for the future. Both bonds and Gold are screaming: "The central banks haven't solved the problems". By the way, Gold is also a very liquid asset if you want quick cash, that's why we saw it sell off in March because people needed dollars thanks to repo problems and margin calls.When the deflationary shock happens and another liquidity event occurs there will be another big price drop in precious metals and that's the dip which you could use to load up on metals by the way.
Dismantling the money printer
But the Fed! The M2 money stock is SHOOTING THROUGH THE ROOF! The printers are real!By the way, velocity of M2 was updated on July 30th and saw another sharp decline. If you take a closer look at the M2 stock you see three parts absolutely skyrocketing: savings, demand deposits and institutional money funds. Inflationary? No. So, the printers aren't real. I'm sorry.Quantitative easing (QE) is the biggest part of the Fed's operations to help the economy get back on its feet. What is QE?Upon doing QE the Fed "purchases" treasury and mortgage-backed securities from the commercial banks. The Fed forces the commercial banks to hand over those securities and in return the commercial banks reserve additional bank reserves at an account in the Federal Reserve. This may sound very confusing to everyone so let's make it simple by an analogy.I want to borrow a camera from you, I need it for my road trip. You agree but only if I give you some kind of security - for example 100 bucks as collateral.You keep the 100 bucks safe in your house and wait for me to return safely. You just wait and wait. You can't do anything else in this situation. Maybe my road trip takes a year. Maybe I come back earlier. But as long as I have your camera, the 100 bucks need to stay with you. In this analogy, I am the Fed. You = commercial banks. Camera = treasuries/MBS. 100 bucks = additional bank reserves held at the Fed.
Revisiting 2008 briefly: the true money printers
The true money printers are the commercial banks, not the central banks. The commercial banks give out loans and demand interest payments. Through those interest payments they create money out of thin air! At the end they'll have more money than before giving out the loan. That additional money can be used to give out more loans, buy more treasury/MBS Securities or gain more money through investing and trading. Before the global financial crisis commercial banks were really loose with their policy. You know, the whole "Big Short" story, housing bubble, NINJA loans and so on. The reckless handling of money by the commercial banks led to actual money printing and inflation, until the music suddenly stopped. Bear Stearns went tits up. Lehman went tits up. The banks learned from those years and completely changed, forever. They became very strict with their lending resulting in the Fed and the ECB not being able to raise their rates. By keeping the Fed funds rate low the Federal Reserve wants to encourage commercial banks to give out loans to stimulate the economy. But commercial banks are not playing along. They even accept negative rates in Europe rather than taking risks in the actual economy. The GFC of 2008 completely changed the financial landscape and the central banks have struggled to understand that. The system wasn't working anymore because the main players (the commercial banks) stopped playing with each other. That's also the reason why we see repeated problems in the repo market.
How QE actually decreases liquidity before it's effective
The funny thing about QE is that it achieves the complete opposite of what it's supposed to achieve before actually leading to an economic recovery. What does that mean? Let's go back to my analogy with the camera. Before I take away your camera, you can do several things with it. If you need cash, you can sell it or go to a pawn shop. You can even lend your camera to someone for a daily fee and collect money through that.But then I come along and just take away your camera for a road trip for 100 bucks in collateral. What can you do with those 100 bucks? Basically nothing. You can't buy something else with those. You can't lend the money to someone else. It's basically dead capital. You can just look at it and wait until I come back. And this is what is happening with QE. Commercial banks buy treasuries and MBS due to many reasons, of course they're legally obliged to hold some treasuries, but they also need them to make business.When a commercial bank has a treasury security, they can do the following things with it:- Sell it to get cash- Give out loans against the treasury security- Lend the security to a short seller who wants to short bonds Now the commercial banks received a cash reserve account at the Fed in exchange for their treasury security. What can they do with that?- Give out loans against the reserve account That's it. The bank had to give away a very liquid and flexible asset and received an illiquid asset for it. Well done, Fed. The goal of the Fed is to encourage lending and borrowing through suppressing yields via QE. But it's not happening and we can see that in the H.8 data (assets and liabilities of the commercial banks).There is no recovery to be seen in the credit sector while the commercial banks continue to collect treasury securities and MBS. On one hand, they need to sell a portion of them to the Fed on the other hand they profit off those securities by trading them - remember JPM's earnings. So we see that while the Fed is actually decreasing liquidity in the markets by collecting all the treasuries it has collected in the past, interest rates are still too high. People are scared, and commercial banks don't want to give out loans. This means that as the economic recovery is stalling (another whopping 1.4M jobless claims on Thursday July 30th) the Fed needs to suppress interest rates even more. That means: more QE. that means: the liquidity dries up even more, thanks to the Fed. We heard JPow saying on Wednesday that the Fed will keep their minimum of 120 billion QE per month, but, and this is important, they can increase that amount anytime they see an emergency.And that's exactly what he will do. He will ramp up the QE machine again, removing more bond supply from the market and therefore decreasing the liquidity in financial markets even more. That's his Hail Mary play to force Americans back to taking on debt again.All of that while the government is taking on record debt due to "stimulus" (which is apparently only going to Apple, Amazon and Robinhood). Who pays for the government debt? The taxpayers. The wealthy people. The people who create jobs and opportunities. But in the future they have to pay more taxes to pay down the government debt (or at least pay for the interest). This means that they can't create opportunities right now due to the government going insane with their debt - and of course, there's still the Coronavirus.
"Without the Fed, yields would skyrocket"
This is wrong. The Fed has been keeping their basic level QE of 120 billion per month for months now. But ignoring the fake breakout in the beginning of June (thanks to reopening hopes), yields have been on a steady decline. Let's take a look at the Fed's balance sheet. The Fed has thankfully stayed away from purchasing more treasury bills (short term treasury securities). Bills are important for the repo market as collateral. They're the best collateral you can have and the Fed has already done enough damage by buying those treasury bills in March, destroying even more liquidity than usual. More interesting is the point "notes and bonds, nominal". The Fed added 13.691 billion worth of US treasury notes and bonds to their balance sheet. Luckily for us, the US Department of Treasury releases the results of treasury auctions when they occur. On July 28th there was an auction for the 7 year treasury note. You can find the results under "Note -> Term: 7-year -> Auction Date 07/28/2020 -> Competitive Results PDF". Or here's a link. What do we see? Indirect bidders, which are foreigners by the way, took 28 billion out of the total 44 billion. That's roughly 64% of the entire auction. Primary dealers are the ones which sell the securities to the commercial banks. Direct bidders are domestic buyers of treasuries. The conclusion is: There's insane demand for US treasury notes and bonds by foreigners. Those US treasuries are basically equivalent to US dollars. Now dollar bears should ask themselves this question: If the dollar is close to a collapse and the world wants to get rid fo the US dollar, why do foreigners (i.e. foreign central banks) continue to take 60-70% of every bond auction? They do it because they desperately need dollars and hope to drive prices up, supported by the Federal Reserve itself, in an attempt to have the dollar reserves when the next liquidity event occurs. So foreigners are buying way more treasuries than the Fed does. Final conclusion: the bond market has adjusted to the Fed being a player long time ago. It isn't the first time the Fed has messed around in the bond market.
How market participants are positioned
We know that commercial banks made good money trading bonds and stocks in the past quarter. Besides big tech the stock market is being stagnant, plain and simple. All the stimulus, stimulus#2, vaccinetalksgoingwell.exe, public appearances by Trump, Powell and their friends, the "money printing" (which isn't money printing) by the Fed couldn't push SPY back to ATH which is 339.08 btw. Who can we look at? Several people but let's take Bill Ackman. The one who made a killing with Credit Default Swaps in March and then went LONG (he said it live on TV). Well, there's an update about him:Bill Ackman saying he's effectively 100% longHe says that around the 2 minute mark. Of course, we shouldn't just believe what he says. After all he is a hedge fund manager and wants to make money. But we have to assume that he's long at a significant percentage - it doesn't even make sense to get rid of positions like Hilton when they haven't even recovered yet. Then again, there are sources to get a peek into the positions of hedge funds, let's take Hedgopia.We see: Hedge funds are starting to go long on the 10 year bond. They are very short the 30 year bond. They are very long the Euro, very short on VIX futures and short on the Dollar.
This is the perfect setup for a market meltdown. If hedge funds are really positioned like Ackman and Hedgopia describes, the situation could unwind after a liquidity event:The Fed increases QE to bring down the 30 year yield because the economy isn't recovering yet. We've already seen the correlation of QE and USD and QE and bond prices.That causes a giant short squeeze of hedge funds who are very short the 30 year bond. They need to cover their short positions. But Ackman said they're basically 100% long the stock market and nothing else. So what do they do? They need to sell stocks. Quickly. And what happens when there is a rapid sell-off in stocks? People start to hedge via put options. The VIX rises. But wait, hedge funds are short VIX futures, long Euro and short DXY. To cover their short positions on VIX futures, they need to go long there. VIX continues to go up and the prices of options go suborbital (as far as I can see).Also they need to get rid of Euro futures and cover their short DXY positions. That causes the USD to go up even more. And the Fed will sit there and do their things again: more QE, infinity QE^2, dollar swap lines, repo operations, TARP and whatever. The Fed will be helpless against the forces of the market and have to watch the stock market burn down and they won't even realize that they created the circumstances for it to happen - by their programs to "help the economy" and their talking on TV. Do you remember JPow on 60minutes talking about how they flooded the world with dollars and print it digitally? He wanted us poor people to believe that the Fed is causing hyperinflation and we should take on debt and invest into the stock market. After all, the Fed has it covered. But the Fed hasn't got it covered. And Powell knows it. That's why he's being a bear in the FOMC statements. He knows what's going on. But he can't do anything about it except what's apparently proven to be correct - QE, QE and more QE.
A final note about "stock market is not the economy"
It's true. The stock market doesn't reflect the current state of the economy. The current economy is in complete shambles. But a wise man told me that the stock market is the reflection of the first and second derivatives of the economy. That means: velocity and acceleration of the economy. In retrospect this makes sense. The economy was basically halted all around the world in March. Of course it's easy to have an insane acceleration of the economy when the economy is at 0 and the stock market reflected that. The peak of that accelerating economy ("max velocity" if you want to look at it like that) was in the beginning of June. All countries were reopening, vaccine hopes, JPow injecting confidence into the markets. Since then, SPY is stagnant, IWM/RUT, which is probably the most accurate reflection of the actual economy, has slightly gone down and people have bid up tech stocks in absolute panic mode. Even JPow admitted it. The economic recovery has slowed down and if we look at economic data, the recovery has already stopped completely. The economy is rolling over as we can see in the continued high initial unemployment claims. Another fact to factor into the stock market.
TLDR and positions or ban?
TLDR: global economy bad and dollar shortage. economy not recovering, JPow back to doing QE Infinity. QE Infinity will cause the final squeeze in both the bond and stock market and will force the unwinding of the whole system. Positions: idk. I'll throw in TLT 190c 12/18, SPY 220p 12/18, UUP 26c 12/18.That UUP call had 12.5k volume on Friday 7/31 btw.
Edit about positions and hedge funds
My current positions. You can laugh at my ZEN calls I completely failed with those.I personally will be entering one of the positions mentioned in the end - or similar ones. My personal opinion is that the SPY puts are the weakest try because you have to pay a lot of premium. Also I forgot talking about why hedge funds are shorting the 30 year bond. Someone asked me in the comments and here's my reply: "If you look at treasury yields and stock prices they're pretty much positively correlated. Yields go up, then stocks go up. Yields go down (like in March), then stocks go down. What hedge funds are doing is extremely risky but then again, "hedge funds" is just a name and the hedgies are known for doing extremely risky stuff. They're shorting the 30 year bond because they needs 30y yields to go UP to validate their long positions in the equity market. 30y yields going up means that people are welcoming risk again, taking on debt, spending in the economy. Milton Friedman labeled this the "interest rate fallacy". People usually think that low interest rates mean "easy money" but it's the opposite. Low interest rates mean that money is really tight and hard to get. Rising interest rates on the other hand signal an economic recovery, an increase in economic activity. So hedge funds try to fight the Fed - the Fed is buying the 30 year bonds! - to try to validate their stock market positions. They also short VIX futures to do the same thing. Equity bulls don't want to see VIX higher than 15. They're also short the dollar because it would also validate their position: if the economic recovery happens and the global US dollar cycle gets restored then it will be easy to get dollars and the USD will continue to go down. Then again, they're also fighting against the Fed in this situation because QE and the USD are correlated in my opinion. Another Redditor told me that people who shorted Japanese government bonds completely blew up because the Japanese central bank bought the bonds and the "widow maker trade" was born:https://www.investopedia.com/terms/w/widow-maker.asp"
Since I've mentioned him a lot in the comments, I recommend you check out Steven van Metre's YouTube channel. Especially the bottom passages of my post are based on the knowledge I received from watching his videos. Even if didn't agree with him on the fundamental issues (there are some things like Gold which I view differently than him) I took it as an inspiration to dig deeper. I think he's a great person and even if you're bullish on stocks you can learn something from Steven!
Here’s another hotfix! As always we’ve taken the time to make various fixes and refinements, along with a host of new portraits! This will likely be the last hotfix for this release, but you never know. Either way, until then, enjoy! - The KR4 team Notable Additions
All ACW division templates are now unlocked, allowing for their editing and disbanding, but the units will still be removed upon the end of the war
The division limit calculations now take into account owned instead of controlled factories, thus fixing a vicious cycle caused by the loss of an industry-heavy state and the resulting applied penalties
Fake intel divisions no longer count towards the division limit
Reworked/Expanded Focus Trees
Britain: Anthony Ludovici Abraham England, Archibald Ramsay, Bernard Paget, Bernard Warbuton, Donald Macintyre, Edmund Anstice, Francis, Frank Pegram, Fred Copeman, Frederic Walker, Geoffery Barnard, Gerard Roope, Harold Harmsworth, Jack Highton, Jack Jones, Katherine Furse, Norman Holbrook, Trade Union Congress, Richard Cayley, Ronald Scobie
China: Puyi (Manchu Coup version)
Finland: Aarne Sivho, Aksel Airo, Erik Heinrichs, Ernst Linder, Hjalmar Siilasvuo, Karl Lennart Oesch, Kurt Martti Wallenius, Niilo Wallari, Paavo Talvela, Ruben Lagus, Väino Valve, Vilho Peter Nenonen and Wiljo Tuompo
Hungary: Árpád Szakasits, Béla Kun
Ireland: Jorge O’Neill, Liam Lynch
Lithuania: Kazimieras Tiskevicius
Montenegro: Blažo Jovanović, Sekula Drljević, Krsto Popović
Russia: Aleksandr Gorbatov, Anton Denikin, Ariadna Tyrkova
Ulster: Wilfred Spinder
Nudged various victory points in South America
Added Dutch, French and German renames for Belgium and the Rhineland
The Commune of France now has two more low-level ports on its southern coast to facilitate an invasion from the south
Suwalki is now part of the Bialystok state
Rebalanced the Southern US VPs
New VPs for the USA - Memphis, Savannah, Gary
Caracas is no longer a desert
Removed Chen Mingshu's ‘Left Kuomintang in Exile’ content. Several game breaking bugs have been found in the path and with an imminent rework of the content, we’ve decided to disable the path temporarily while we get it fixed and improved. Apologies to those who enjoyed that path but fear not, it’ll be back soon and better than ever
Increased Norway’s war support slightly to prevent the focus-induced mobilisation from being downgraded again.
Changes to Mittelafrika bush war victory- instead of making demands on their own and having them be carried out automatically, now Mittelafrika will ask Germany to make demands, which the portuguese will receive.Player led Mittelafrika can still make demands of their own, though this will cost them stability.
Muselier is now in National France and Auphan now in the Commune of France as a retribution
Germany and Austria will now split up the Sudetenland if they are both carving up Bohemia in a peace conference
The option for Argentina to take Rio Grande do Sul in the Brazil annexation event has been removed, since they can neither claim nor core it
The American Union State can now ask to join the Entente
The Qing’s Manchu divisions now unlock after the completion of the League Intervention event chain
A Paternal Autocrat puppet Finland no longer keeps the German monarchy
Reworked the annexation events for France and its splinters
The improved marines techs for France and the USA now give their bonus to amphibious vehicles as well
Added annexation missions for Vilnius and Brest-Litovsk
The Netherlands will now evacuate Indonesia if in the Reichspakt and the latter is defeated by Japan
Irish kamikazes have been removed
The capitulation events for UoB, CoF, and Italian states now work even if someone doesn't have the MtG DLC
Japan's "Support Allies" focus now actually opens up decisions for it
André Marty is no longer an admiral for both the Commune and the CNT
A non-authoritarian Canada can now support the AUS if the game rule has been set for them to do so
Took out all the code which would allow the AI to manually lower their conscription laws outside of the system to do so automatically once their wars are over
Kaiserreich Economic Policy event for Germany no longer adds factories to non-allied states
It's no longer possible for the Treaty of Irkutsk and the Treaty of Novosibirsk to fire at the same time for Transamur
If Canada intervenes in the ACW after the Deal with the Devil has already been struck, it is now included in the event to re-enter the war when the deal is later broken
Poland will no longer receive Regency Council events after the latter is ousted
The Armament Department will now correctly flee from Sichuan upon Liu Xiang’s takeover
South Africa’s and Zimbabwe’s missions to defend their territory now auto-cancel if the war ends before their timeout
Poland no longer gets cores on Bucovina if granted the territory by a third power
Fixed a couple of Legation Cities events firing for the wrong targets
Military Occupation Austria will no longer release Croatia or Bosnia
Puppet Flanders can no longer change government via elections
Fixed a number of CSA planes spawning in the wrong state
South Africa will not receive events about Smuts’ government if the latter is removed
Russian puppets can now join the Academy of Sciences correctly
The Patagonian game rules no longer have inverted outcomes for Moderate and Radical Anarchists
The RSR now gets cores on Transamur upon coring Russia
If GEA loses the Indochinese war, Vietnam will be properly removed from the Reichspakt
Japan will keep its cores on Sakhalin and the Kurils even after the Fading Sun
Serbia will now attack Austria if Italy or Poland are already at war with them
Finnmark will be retained by Finland when Norway is released
Paraguay can no longer pull in the Internationale against Argentina
Fixed several Paraguayan foci giving factories in non-controlled states
Argentina can no longer take control of the railways twice
Kumul and East Turkestan now get cores on Aksai Chin
A released Chinese puppet now gets claims on all of China
Fixed tags randomly getting other nations’ division templates
Fixed all cases of Indian fortification foci placing forts in enemy states
The Swiss-French peace deal now returns Romandy and Upper Savoy if the latter were seized
Russia and Finland will no longer go to war every two months
Fixed Japan granting Chinese lands to unfriendly regimes
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it! - The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Arvidus, Augenis, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Carmain, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Éloïse, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Fort, JazzyHugh, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, Krco, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, Matoro, Nijato, NukeGaming, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rylock, SPQR, Starguard, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zankoas and Zimbabwe Salt Co.
AMA: I have visited every country in the world and every county in Texas!
Sorry I'm late on the link. I have been traveling both solo and with travel buddies for over 20 years. In that time I have visited every country in the world and every county in Texas (254) and had some incredible adventures. AMA! Texas counties idea came about when I was close to finishing every country and needed a new project to work on. So I picked visiting every county courthouse in Texas, there are more counties than countries! Here's the list of my initial visits to each country. ()'s indicate countries visited on the same trip.
Here’s 0.14 ‘The Duke and the Hertzog’, less than a month after our last release! This has to be one of the fastest, if not the fastest, development turnarounds we’ve had in the past three years. So as always, big thanks to the team and their hard work! We can’t guarantee such a rapid release schedule in the future, we are after all a group of volunteers working in our spare time, but we’d like to think this represents just how much our standards and practices have improved as a team. Enjoy! - The KR4 team Changes New Focus Trees
Reworked/Expanded Focus Trees
United Baltic Duchy
United Baltic Duchy
United Baltic Duchy
New Custom Country Paths
United Baltic Duchy
GFX New portraits for: Austria: Eugen von Habsburg-Lothringen British Isles: Charles III, Hugh Gaitskell, John MacCormick, Compton Mackenzie, Council of Scotland, Clement Davies, Lewis Valentine, Saunders Lewis, Douglas Young, Franz Von Bayern/Francis I Burma: Ba Swe, Council of Burma, Kodaw Hmaing, Po Hla Gyi, U Ba Pe, Saya San Germany: Alfred Hugenberg Indochina: Bui Quang Chieu Russia/RSTransamur: Andrey Vlasov, Arseniy Golovko, Boris Shaposhnikov, Dmitriy Pavlovich Romanov, Grigoriy Semyenov, Grigoriy Semyonov, Ivan Konev, Ivan Romanovskiy, Kirill Meretskov, Lavr Kornilov, Mikhail Frunze, Mikhail Levitov, Mikhail Tukhachevskiy, Nikolay Berzarin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Bukharin, Nikolay Vatutin, Pavel Shatilov, Semyon Timoshenko, Vasiliy Kuznetsov, Vladimir Kappel, Vladimir Manshteyn, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Tolstov, Vladimir Vitkovskiy Spain: Alejandro Lerroux García, Bibiano Fernández Osorio y Tafall, Domingo Batet i Mestres, Emilio Herrera Linares, Francisco Largo Caballero, Gonzalo Queipo de Llano, José Riquelme y López Bago Ukraine: Ivan Poltavets-Ostrianytsia, Konstantin Prisovsky, Mykola Kapustyanski, Yevhen Konovalets USA: Charles McNary Vietnam: Bao Dai Music Mod
South Africa: Added Drakensberge, Margolet, Op Patrollie, Silwerpyl, Train to Kimberly, Voorwaarts!, Zambesi and Zulu Warrior. Changed the version of Sarie Marais for one more period appropiate and removed the Anthem as it was a duplicate of a different song that was already there.
Baltic States: Added Koit, Don Carlos, Krauklits sez ozola, Riga Dimd, Sumfoonia nº 2 by Artur Kapp and Videvik
Various localization and translation fixes
Renamed Scutari to Albania
Did some more work on the British annexations including new alternative leaders
Wales has a new (and correct) flag
The Dutch diplomatic focus tree has been converted into decisions
Redid the dates for some Danish events
Reworked the Brazilian annexation events so, upon deciding to not release Brazil as a whole, it switches to the events for the individual regions instead of trying to release all the splinter states at once. Thus decisions can be made for each region as to whether or not it should be occupied, released as a puppet, or its land given to some other Brazilian splinter state.
The Russian war decisions now fire a warning event to the target and the target’s allies at the onset of the decision, telling players that Russia intends to go to war “within a few weeks”
The Bulgarian war decisions are now on a delay, like most others in the mod
Russia can now invite Serbia and Romania into its faction during a war, so long as they both have the same enemies
The decisions to unite Italy for ITA and SRI are no longer barred to puppets
Added an event for Vladimir Vazov to possibly return to active duty in Bulgaria at the outset of the Balkan War
Serbia can now form the Belgrade Pact before its political tree is started if Romania or Greece attack first
Several tags now use coalition mechanics - they will gain 50% of the partners’ popularities as daily political power (added to the base ruling party’s gain)
The Russian Socialist Republic will now attempt to protect a socialist Estonia or Latvia and bring them into the Internationale
All cases of early (pre-1939) Second Weltkrieg starts have been disabled, and a game rule to re-enable them has been added
Romania and Russia can now peace out from a war over Bessarabia
Expanded the Hotung event chain for the Legation Cities
If you are able to successfully cut off Vermillion Society funding to a Chinese faction they get a temporary debuff
Most focuses/decisions for Chinese tags which added resources have now been turned into decisions potentially accessible by all Chinese tags
Portugal-in-exile will now collapse after about a week if refused by the Entente, or if the Entente itself collapses
A neutral Batavian Commune can no longer join the TI unless attacked
Japan can now call its puppets to its wars
Added a new "Crownland" autonomy state for the Austrian puppets
Added focus tree filters to Serbia's focus tree
Switched SET and IAR around in Romanian content
GEAUS can now take control of Romanian oil fields if they puppet them
Player Bulgaria can now cede Dobrogea peacefully if they want to
Burma’s starting politics/leadership has been changed to reflect its future rework
A new game rule has been added for regulating when WK2 can begin. By default, it’s the current setting where WK2 can’t happen before 1939 (or, rather, it shouldn’t - though there are some places which have been missed). The game rule adds a setting for a pre-1939 WK2 beginning to either be rare or unrestricted (meaning it simply depends on the regular chances of the events involved). We’re doing a sweep through events to catch all those places which were missed previously, but it’s an effort which will take a while, so it’s unlikely to work perfectly yet.
Fixes Notable Fixes
The bug that prevented the peace conference AI from working properly in 0.13.2 has been fixed
The previous workaround which made countries incorrectly get drawn into a peace conference whenever a country whose faction leader was not in the war now actually works for puppets as well (so, for instance, a puppet Vietnam falling to Indochina won’t cause all of German East Asia to suddenly be annexed).
Fixed the endless Fate of Latvia/Estonia loop for Russia
Austria can no longer lock itself out of its focus tree by betraying its secret deal with Hungary
Romania no longer loses its HoG in the legionary path
Iceland’s party names now match
Fixed Northern Epirus not being grantable to Albania by Serbia
Fixed some oddities with the Flanders/Wallonia/Belgium annexation events
Bulgaria can now use its reconciliation decisions even when a puppet - though, if it’s a puppet, the decision can only be used on its overlord
The Turkestan emir is now removed as a field marshal when he dies
Old ministers in Flanders, Bolivia, and Central America are now properly removed when the government changes
Returning cores/claims to an ally will now give them all coastal and contiguous states at once, instead of needing to have the decision used repeatedly to catch interior states
The events used when the UK and France demand the return of colonial states now fires for the owner of those states and not just the controller
Updated the AI for Italy’s decision to attack Austria to be a bit more judicious, and to wait for Serbia - when applicable
Prevented the Yen Bai Mutiny events from refiring
If a puppet somehow ends up at war with its overlord, it’ll now be set free
Fengtian can now no longer use its war decisions when a puppet
Fixed the return of Russian generals to the Russian Socialist Republic in the cases where Patagonia had already succeeded or fallen prior to the civil war beginning
Fixed the Vojvodina annexation decision to not trigger until there’s at least one applicable option which can be taken
Lithuania can now be released based on ownership of Kovno and not solely ownership of their capital, which could be another country’s claim
Germany might now initially be released without Northern Schleswig or the Polish German states, which have separate annexation decisions
Irish elections no longer fire twice
The event for Patagonia becoming Argentina no longer fires for other nations
Fixed Yang Sen fleeing Sichuan twice
Persia will not get Mosul in the Ottoman collapse unless they control a neighbouring state
Russia can now integrate Ukraine properly after the Treaty of Pereyaslav goes into effect
Germany can no longer attack Romania to take its oil
Fixed Wilhelm II dying in 1947 instead of 1941
Russia will now focus on getting rid of Divided Military Staff as soon as possible
Fengtian is now blocked from joining the Chinese United Front
Fixed Poland being locked out of its tree if the AuthDems were elected
Italy and Poland are no longer invited to the Belgrade Pact if they already own their claimed lands
The Golestan Pact is now properly disbanded if Persia joins a faction
Fixed an infinite loop in the Tibetan focus tree
The China Agency no longer investigates its own weapon smuggling
Puppet Central America can no longer use its war decisions
The regular peace event for Italy and Austria will no longer fire if Italy is involved in the Belgrade Pact war on Austria and thus eligible for the Budapest Treaty peace event
The decisions for Canada to declare war on the CSA or intervene in the ACW should no longer disappear forever if interrupted by the CSA’s strike idea
Countries that unify China via the generic decision can now integrate their allies
Fixed a couple of issues with the Yunnan-Siam peace deal
Fixed a Netherlands event firing twice and a flag not being properly cleared
Fixed RKMT Yunnan not being able to attack a LKMT Guangxi
Fixed two Yunnan companies being the same under different names
Central American countries will now correctly return their puppets' territory
Released Chinese puppets now get proper cores on their territory
Fixed Qing not being able to invite SIK to its faction
Fixed a misleading Fengtian event option tooltip
Yunnan will now lose the AOG tin ideas if Indochina wins the war
Austria-Hungary’s focus on the Status Quo branch now removes the Broken Ties idea
Fixed Sichuan's famine recovery lasting until 1947
Somalia can now release Eritrea
The United Front will now collapse if Japan is annexed
Fixed Serbia getting the Kardzhali annexation mission when occupying Bulgaria
Fixed puppet Poland not being able to integrate states
Fixed Poland's naval foci giving boni to trade interdiction on both paths
Fixed Russia potentially getting Black Monday twice
Fixed Transamur asking to reunify with a non-existent Russia
Fixed the AI Netherlands pulling the Entente into other wars
Meyer London can no longer be HoS and HoG at the same time
Added missing localisation for several events in the Second Congress of Belgrade
Tweaked few Romanian news events to work better with niche scenarios
Nerfed the amount of guns and manpower Patagonia could get in their starter tree
We hope you enjoy playing Kaiserreich as much as we did making it! - The KR4 Team: Alpinia, Arvidus, Augenis, Blackfalcon501, DSFDarker, Carmain, Dr. Njitram, Drozdovite, Edouard Saladier, Éloïse, Eragaxshim, Fbruchmueller, Flamefang, Fort, JazzyHugh, Jeankedezeehond, Jonjon428, Jonny BL, Krco, Liegnitz, Maltesefalcon, Matoro, NukeGaming, OperationsManagementDecisions, PPsyrius, Pietrus, Rei VL, Rylock, SPQR, Starguard, Telcontar101, The Alpha Dog, Thomahawk2k, Vidyaország, WordZero, Yard1, Zankoas and Zimbabwe Salt Co.
So apparently there is a scale of racist countries made up somewhere, with a nice liberal Western country getting 0 score, and a shithole like Zimbabewe getting a 1, cause Zimbabwe is full of racists, meanwhile Burma and Japan are in the middle.
And now, the nations that hate Anti-Gamers, brought to you by, Yakko Warner!
United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama, Haiti, Jamaica, Peru Republic Dominican, Cuba, Caribbean, Greenland, El Salvador too Puerto Rico, Colombia, Venezuela, Honduras, Guyana, and still Guatemala, Bolivia, then Argentina, and Ecuador, Chile, Brazil Costa Rica, Belize, Nicaragua, Bermuda, Bahamas, Tobago, San Juan Paraguay, Uruguay, Suriname, and French Guiana, Barbados, and Guam Norway and Sweden and Iceland and Finland and Germany now in one piece Switzerland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Turkey, and Greece Poland, Romania, Scotland, Albania, Ireland, Russia, Oman Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia, Hungary, Cyprus, Iraq, and Iran There's Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, both Yemens, Kuwait, and Bahrain The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and Portugal, France, England, Denmark, and Spain India, Pakistan, Burma, Afghanistan, Thailand, Nepal, and Bhutan Kampuchea, Malaysia, then Bangladesh, Asia, and China, Korea, Japan Mongolia, Laos, and Tibet, Indonesia, the Philippine Islands, Taiwan Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Sumatra, New Zealand, then Borneo, and Vietnam Tunisia, Morocco, Uganda, Angola, Zimbabwe, Djibouti, Botswana Mozambique, Zambia, Swaziland, Gambia, Guinea, Algeria, Ghana Burundi, Lesotho, and Malawi, Togo, The Spanish Sahara is gone Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Liberia, Egypt, Benin, and Gabon Tanzania, Somalia, Kenya, and Mali, Sierra Leone, and Algiers Dahomey, Namibia, Senegal, Libya, Cameroon, Congo, Zaire Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Rwanda, Maore, and Cayman Hong Kong, Abu Dhabi, Qatar, Yugoslavia— Crete, Mauritania, then Transylvania— Monaco, Liechtenstein, Malta, and Palestine, Fiji, Australia, Sudan!
Bank for International Settlements (BIS) and Rothschilds’ Worldwide power
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is a worldwide financial institution owned by central banks, reserve banks, or monetary authority. BIS has 60 member central banks, that "foster international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks." (Wikipedia) There are over hundreds of banks owned by the Rothschilds listed below....these banks own the Bank for International Settlements, making them international banking monopoly, which is illegal. The smaller banks are named differently and located all over the world to confuse you into thinking it’s different branches, but in reality it all connect to the same trunk of the tree.... THEY OWN EVERYTHING!!!!!!!!! Are you okay with how the world is? Are you okay with the Rothchilds’ owning EVERYTHING? They own ALL the banks in different countries creating fake wars in countries they control, causing unnecessary destruction in the people’s lives... one family owns the whole world... I’m NOT okay with this, humans as a whole are going in the wrong direction... The Mockingbird told Robin, “They must be stopped!” :): “Kaka Kaka Hello World!” I will link page explaining everything in detail in comments. What are these hundreds of banks that own BIS?
Afghanistan: Bank of Afghanistan
Albania: Bank of Albania
Algeria: Bank of Algeria
Argentina: Central Bank of Argentina
Armenia: Central Bank of Armenia
Aruba: Central Bank of Aruba
Australia: Reserve Bank of Australia
Austria: Austrian National Bank
Azerbaijan: Central Bank of Azerbaijan Republic
Bahamas: Central Bank of The Bahamas
Bahrain: Central Bank of Bahrain
Bangladesh: Bangladesh Bank
Barbados: Central Bank of Barbados
Belarus: National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
Belgium: National Bank of Belgium
Belize: Central Bank of Belize
Benin: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Bermuda: Bermuda Monetary Authority
Bhutan: Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan
Bolivia: Central Bank of Bolivia
Bosnia: Central Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana: Bank of Botswana
Brazil: Central Bank of Brazil
Bulgaria: Bulgarian National Bank
Burkina Faso: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Burundi: Bank of the Republic of Burundi
Cambodia: National Bank of Cambodia
Came Roon: Bank of Central African States
Canada: Bank of Canada – Banque du Canada
Cayman Islands: Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
Central African Republic: Bank of Central African States
Chad: Bank of Central African States
Chile: Central Bank of Chile
China: The People’s Bank of China
Colombia: Bank of the Republic
Comoros: Central Bank of Comoros
Congo: Bank of Central African States
Costa Rica: Central Bank of Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Croatia: Croatian National Bank
Cuba: Central Bank of Cuba
Cyprus: Central Bank of Cyprus
Czech Republic: Czech National Bank
Denmark: National Bank of Denmark
Dominican Republic: Central Bank of the Dominican Republic
East Caribbean area: Eastern Caribbean Central Bank
Ecuador: Central Bank of Ecuador
Egypt: Central Bank of Egypt
El Salvador: Central Reserve Bank of El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea: Bank of Central African States
Estonia: Bank of Estonia
Ethiopia: National Bank of Ethiopia
European Union: European Central Bank
Fiji: Reserve Bank of Fiji
Finland: Bank of Finland
France: Bank of France
Gabon: Bank of Central African States
The Gambia: Central Bank of The Gambia
Georgia: National Bank of Georgia
Germany: Deutsche Bundesbank
Ghana: Bank of Ghana
Greece: Bank of Greece
Guatemala: Bank of Guatemala
Guinea Bissau: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Guyana: Bank of Guyana
Haiti: Central Bank of Haiti
Honduras: Central Bank of Honduras
Hong Kong: Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Hungary: Magyar Nemzeti Bank
Iceland: Central Bank of Iceland
India: Reserve Bank of India
Indonesia: Bank Indonesia
Iran: The Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iraq: Central Bank of Iraq
Ireland: Central Bank and Financial Services
Authority of Ireland
Israel: Bank of Israel
Italy: Bank of Italy
Jamaica: Bank of Jamaica
Japan: Bank of Japan
Jordan: Central Bank of Jordan
Kazakhstan: National Bank of Kazakhstan
Kenya: Central Bank of Kenya
Korea: Bank of Korea
Kuwait: Central Bank of Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan: National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic
Latvia: Bank of Latvia
Lebanon: Central Bank of Lebanon
Lesotho: Central Bank of Lesotho
Libya: Central Bank of Libya (Their most recent conquest)
Uruguay: Central Bank of Uruguay
Lithuania: Bank of Lithuania
Luxembourg: Central Bank of Luxembourg
Macao: Monetary Authority of Macao
Macedonia: National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Madagascar: Central Bank of Madagascar
Malawi: Reserve Bank of Malawi
Malaysia: Central Bank of Malaysia
Mali: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Malta: Central Bank of Malta
Mauritius: Bank of Mauritius
Mexico: Bank of Mexico
Moldova: National Bank of Moldova
Mongolia: Bank of Mongolia
Montenegro: Central Bank of Montenegro
Morocco: Bank of Morocco
Mozambique: Bank of Mozambique
Namibia: Bank of Namibia
Nepal: Central Bank of Nepal
Netherlands: Netherlands Bank
Netherlands Antilles: Bank of the Netherlands Antilles
New Zealand: Reserve Bank of New Zealand
Nicaragua: Central Bank of Nicaragua
Niger: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Nigeria: Central Bank of Nigeria
Norway: Central Bank of Norway
Oman: Central Bank of Oman
Pakistan: State Bank of Pakistan
Papua New Guinea: Bank of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay: Central Bank of Paraguay
Peru: Central Reserve Bank of Peru
Philip Pines: Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
Poland: National Bank of Poland
Portugal: Bank of Portugal
Qatar: Qatar Central Bank
Romania: National Bank of Romania
Rwanda: National Bank of Rwanda
San Marino: Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino
Samoa: Central Bank of Samoa
Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
Senegal: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Serbia: National Bank of Serbia
Seychelles: Central Bank of Seychelles
Sierra Leone: Bank of Sierra Leone
Singapore: Monetary Authority of Singapore
Slovakia: National Bank of Slovakia
Slovenia: Bank of Slovenia
Solomon Islands: Central Bank of Solomon Islands
South Africa: South African Reserve Bank
Spain: Bank of Spain
Sri Lanka: Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Sudan: Bank of Sudan
Surinam: Central Bank of Suriname
Swaziland: The Central Bank of Swaziland
Sweden: Sveriges Riksbank
Switzerland: Swiss National Bank
Tajikistan: National Bank of Tajikistan
Tanzania: Bank of Tanzania
Thailand: Bank of Thailand
Togo: Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
Tonga: National Reserve Bank of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago: Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia: Central Bank of Tunisia
Turkey: Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Uganda: Bank of Uganda
Ukraine: National Bank of Ukraine
United Arab Emirates: Central Bank of United Arab Emirates
Victoriafälle, Zimbabwe . Aufnahme aus dem Helikopter, 4.3.2018 Die Victoriafälle sind ein breiter Wasserfall des Zambesi zwischen den Grenzstädten Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe und Livingstone in Zambia. Seit 1989 gehören die Fälle zum Weltnaturerbe der UNESCO. Die einheimischen Kololo nennen den Wasserfall Mosi-oa-Tunya (zu deutsch: donnernder Rauch). Der Name verweist auf den Wasser ... We also import scrap vehicles from Japan for our clients in Zimbabwe and also for spare parts dealers. Auto Parts Search. Vehicles for Parts. Auto Spare Parts of Toyota Raum Chassis NCZ20 in Harare, Zimbabwe; Spare Parts of Toyota Harrier MCU10 and Accessories Available in Harare, Zimbabwe; Used Car Parts for RM12 Nissan Liberty Model 2002 in Harare ; Japanese Used Parts for Nissan Liberty ... JICA started its activity in Zimbabwe in 1980 by sending several study missions to Zimbabwe concurrent with the independence of the country, followed by accepting training participants in Japan and dispatching Japanese experts to Zimbabwe in 1981. The first Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers arrived in Zimbabwe in 1989 and JICA Zimbabwe Office was established in 1996. To assist the efforts ... Is Japan Zimbabwe? How preposterous: Japan is an advanced economy that cannot possibly suffer the same fate as Zimbabwe. Right? Or could Japan get hyperinflation? Below I explain why Japan, and with it investors’ portfolios, might be at risk. The other day, when I was on a panel discussing unsustainable deficits in the U.S., Eurozone and Japan, the risk of inflation and Zimbabwe style ... Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan 2-2-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8919, Japan MAP Phone: +81-(0)3-3580-3311 Japan Corporate Number(JCN): 9000012040001
President of the Republic of Zimbabwe visits Kyoto
Originally published at - http://www.voazimbabwe.com/media/video/zimbabwe-president-addresses-media-in-japan/3261896.html Hello guys so I did promise you guys a video on how Japan is generally giving me a culture shock. Here is part 1 as I break down the preliminary items, more is coming.. Business enquiries ... Hello guys its been a hot minute since I posted anything and I have to say I missed everyone. Now I have big news and the cat is out of the bag, i left Zimbabwe and moved because I was unemployed ... Japan is welcoming dignitaries from around the world to experience the sights of Japan. On March 30, H.E. Mr. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, visited Kyoto. The ... NAKATA WORLD Every day 20:00 Update https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4o9JBgfkUWyq15Q9Dc762g DMM英会話 Official HP https://eikaiwa.dmm.com/ ※ DMM英会話と ...